Pocket knife: traditional and yet contemporary
A pocket knife or folding knife, colloquially called a pocket knife, is a practical, handy utensil with a wide range of uses even in modern times. Even more simply equipped models to replace a large number of tools, and they also have the advantage of always being at hand when they are needed.
Pocket knives have been around since the Hallstadt period around 600 BC. Chr .; These knives, which could be transported safely, were also popular in Roman antiquity. In Switzerland, it was decided in 1891 that all soldiers should carry a pocket knife with them – the beginning of a long tradition and the origin of the term now protected as the Swiss Army Knife. Different designs and creative focus of the individual manufacturers ensure that anyone interested can find his or her perfect knife at Knife Master.
Folding knives include all pocket knives whose blades are attached to the handle with a hinge and can be lowered into the handle when not in use. With the exception of the one-hand knife, they require two hands to open. Depending on the area of application, some folding knives are equipped with modern functions such as belt cutters and glass breakers, which makes them an ideal all-around tool for drivers and motorcyclists and which, like the first aid kit, should not be missing in any vehicle.
High-quality folding knives have a stable and robust folding mechanism; the joint does not lose its lockability even after years of use. In addition, good knives should be ergonomically shaped, on the one hand, they should lie comfortably on the other hand, on another hand they should protect against injuries when used properly. For some folding knives, there are therefore also special versions for left-handers.
Depending on the type of lock, a distinction is made between bolt, grip, slotted ring, side spring, back spring, and rocker lock (Axis Lock, Frame Lock, Slot Ring Lock, Liner Lock, Lever Lock, and Back Lock). Each version has its advantages and disadvantages, about which we will be happy to answer your questions. Slip joint and swivel knives cannot be locked, but they, therefore, have a less stable blade.
The blades and tools of a pocket knife are mounted between at least two plates, which in turn are enclosed by the actual handle shells, the material, and design of which have a decisive influence on the external appearance and handiness. Initially, the use of the materials for these handle shells was based solely on practical considerations: Wood was hard, stable, and inexpensive material, while legs and metal had similar properties. Today, the range of materials used is far greater and ranges from the classics to aluminum, the widespread synthetic resins and special alloys to precious metals and mother-of-pearl.
With one-hand knives, because the name says it all, the blades can be opened and operated with just one hand. They are often used professionally, but also by hobbyists who are constantly confronted with new tasks. They are often used as rescue and combat knives.
The one-hand knives have their origin in the need for handicapped and war invalids to own a knife that could be opened with one hand. For this purpose, an opening mechanism is installed on the blade – either a pin to slide it on, a hole in the blade, or a so-called flipper, a protrusion on the hinge of the blade that protrudes when the knife is closed and is used to push the blade out.
Despite the built-in pushing aids, this is best done with a little swing from the wrist, which has contributed to the name of this knife category. The actual flipper takes on the protective function of a (very short) cross-guard when the knife is ready for use, i.e. when it is opened.
Different locking mechanisms lock the blade in the open state so that the knife does not close again by itself, which would significantly increase the risk of injury. A basic distinction is made between a lockable version and a version that can only be locked by springs, without mechanical locking. One-hand knives are not switching knives! These open automatically at the push of a button and then lock; With one-hand knives, the opening takes place solely through the muscle strength of the knife owner.
Switchblade knives, i.e. all folding knives with an automatic or spring-assisted opening mechanism, are considered weapons in the USA and can therefore only be acquired with a special permit and a corresponding weapon acquisition license. A license to carry such a knife is normally not granted. One-hand knives with lockable blades – regardless of their blade length – have not been allowed to be used in Germany since 2008, with numerous exceptions.
In Austria, these knives are not subject to any restrictions, in the USA one-hand knives with blade lifters or thumb holes are generally permitted, but for some places, there are special regulations and restricted areas exist. In order to avoid problems, you should definitely inform yourself about the current gun laws at the respective municipality.
Blades and tools
The simplest pocket knives only have one blade. At the other end of the spectrum, there are multi-tools that can perform a wide variety of functions depending on the area of application.
The mechanical tools include knives of different lengths and with different blades (smooth, serrated, wavy). They are used for cutting, but also as a feather blade or for carving. Other common tools are scissors, files, and saws; Awls, gouges, and pocket needles are used less frequently. To open containers, there are can openers, corkscrews, and bottle openers for crown caps; The most common tools for personal hygiene are nail files, nail cleaners, and tweezers.
Toothpicks, cigar cutters, pipe tampers, and pipe cleaners are hardly used anymore. Far more interesting for pocket knives from the survival sector is equipment with a disc breaker, a disc saw for sawing through safety glass, and belt cutter versions. Common tools are screwdrivers, Allen keys, and pliers.
There are of course suitable knives with special equipment for hunting, fishing as well as seafaring and sailing.
Knife with pocket or belt clip
Nothing is said here about the knife itself, but the practical equipment with a fastening option for trousers, jackets, or similar pockets makes this knife particularly useful. Outdoor fans, fishing enthusiasts, and tradespeople, in particular, appreciate the safe stowage that is not at the expense of operational readiness.
Where do our knives come from?
In addition to the USA, there are significant knife productions in France and Spain, and high-quality knives are also made in Great Britain, the Czech Republic, Italy, and New Zealand. The knives and blades from the Far East have their very own tradition and numerous fans.
The USA is one of the largest producers of branded knives; In recent years, however, several Russian companies have also established themselves on the market with high-quality products. We only offer top quality, and we would be happy to provide you with detailed information about their properties and special features.